1. Health education

psychotherapy

Anxiety disorder patients are generally easy to accept new information, especially some information that helps to explain or reduce the degree of anxiety. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out health education for these patients. The content of health education should include the explanation of the nature of the disease, such as the nature of anxiety, why anxiety occurs, so that patients can understand the nature of the disease and eliminate some concerns. At the same time, we should understand the patient’s own understanding of the disease, timely insight into some of the patients’ bad cognition. Guide patients to carry out some simple and practical methods to deal with anxiety, change some bad lifestyle and so on.

  1. Cognitive therapy

Anxiety patients are prone to two types of logical errors: one is overestimating the possibility of negative events, especially those related to themselves; the other is overestimating the results of events in a dramatic or catastrophic way. The distorted cognition of anxiety patients to things is one of the reasons for the delay of the disease. After a comprehensive evaluation of the patients, the therapists should help the patients change their bad cognition or reconstruct their cognition.

  1. Behavior therapy

Anxiety patients often have muscle tension caused by anxiety, cardiovascular system and digestive system symptoms caused by autonomic nervous dysfunction. The use of breathing training, relaxation training, distraction techniques and other behavioral therapy is often effective. For patients who avoid socializing due to anxiety or panic attacks, systematic desensitization (exposure) therapy can be applied.

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