schizophrenia

Simple schizophrenia can be treated by drug treatment, psychotherapy and other ways.

Patients in the acute stage are mainly treated with drugs, and antipsychotic drugs are used. Antipsychotic drugs can be divided into two categories. One is the first-generation antipsychotic drugs, also known as classical antipsychotic drugs, including chlorpromazine, perphenazine, haloperidol and sulpiride. The second kind of antipsychotic drugs are non-classical antipsychotic drugs, including quetiapine, olanzapine, risperidone and other drugs.

Chronic stage of simple schizophrenia treatment to psychotherapy and drug therapy, maintenance treatment, psychotherapy is mainly supportive psychotherapy, improve the patient’s social living environment and improve the patient’s social adaptability rehabilitation measures are the main measures of this stage.

Chlorpromazine is a central dopamine receptor antagonist with various pharmacological effects. Because can antagonize the system of dopamine receptors, chlorpromazine can treat psychosis, can antagonize the reticular structure of the ascending activation system of α adrenergic receptors, have a sedative effect.

Can inhibit the temperature regulation center, so that the body temperature, artificial hibernation state, also known as hibernation spirit. Chlorpromazine can antagonize peripheral α adrenoceptor, directly dilate blood vessels, cause blood pressure drop, high dose can appear postural hypotension. The effects on the endocrine system are shown as breast enlargement, galactorrhea and other adverse reactions. It should be noted that this drug is easily absorbed, but the absorption is irregular and the individual difference is great, so individual administration is needed.

Patients pay attention to avoid excessive fatigue, avoid excessive exercise, reduce pressure, eliminate alcohol and tobacco, improve sleep, avoid excessive mood fluctuations, such as tension, anxiety, and try to drink less strong tea, strong coffee and other stimulating drinks and spicy food. In daily life, patients need to pay attention to diet and keep a good state of mind.

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