Anxiety is a kind of fretting emotion caused by over worry about relatives or their own life safety, future and fate. It contains anxious, anxious, sad, nervous, panic, uneasy and other components. It is related to critical situations and unpredictable and difficult to cope with. If things change, anxiety may be lifted. Some people are in a state of anxiety for a long time without objective reasons, often fear the face of major disasters for no reason, worry about the serious disease which is incurable, and thus appear restless, panic and other symptoms. This abnormal anxiety is a manifestation of mental illness. The criminal will have anxiety in the course of crime, trial and the process of serving sentence reform. The serious ones can also cause emotional and emotional obstacles.
Anxiety is the emotional reflection of the serious deterioration of the value characteristics of the real or future things. On the contrary, the emotional form is hope, that is, hope is the emotional reflection of the obvious positive trend of human beings’ value characteristics to the reality or future.
Anxiety refers to the complex emotional state of the individual which is not happy with the coming danger or threat.
The objective purpose of anxiety is to guide people to take various measures quickly and mobilize various value resources urgently, so as to effectively prevent the serious deterioration of the value characteristics of the real or future things, and make it develop in a positive direction.
- Realistic anxiety
Unlike pathological anxiety, realistic anxiety is a kind of emotional response to the potential challenge or threat of reality. Moreover, it is suitable for the reality threat, and it is a general response of a person when facing the event or situation that he cannot control. The characteristics are that the intensity of anxiety is consistent with the level of the real threat, and disappears with the disappearance of the real threat, so it has adaptability significance. It is conducive to the individual mobilizing the potential and resources of the body to deal with the threat of reality, gradually achieve the sense of control and effective measures to solve the problem, until the threat of reality is controlled or eliminated. Therefore, realistic anxiety is the basic emotional response to human adaptation and problem solving. It is an emotional and behavioral response way that human beings form in the process of evolution to adapt to and respond to the environment.
- pathological anxiety
Pathological anxiety refers to the continuous and non specific reasons of feeling nervous, or no realistic basis to feel the disaster, threat or catastrophe, accompanied by obvious autonomic nervous dysfunction and motor restlessness, often accompanied by subjective pain or social function damage.
The above concepts include the following basic features:
① The intensity of anxiety has no realistic basis or is obviously not in accordance with the threat of reality;
② Anxiety leads to mental pain and the decline of self-efficacy, so it is not adaptive;
③ Anxiety is relatively persistent, and does not disappear with the solution of objective problems, and is often related to personality characteristics;
④ The nervous state characterized by autonomic nervous system symptoms, including chest discomfort, palpitation and short breath;
⑤ A painful experience of disaster or misfortune;
⑥ The abnormal pain and fear of the perceived threat and the lack of ability to respond, even the adaptation of reality is affected.